翟惟东

个人信息Personal Information

教授 博士生导师 硕士生导师

性别:男

毕业院校:厦门大学

学历:研究生(博士)毕业

学位:工学博士学位

在职信息:在职

所在单位:海洋研究院

入职时间:2016-07-05

办公地点:青岛校区K3楼

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个人简介Personal Profile

翟惟东,男,化学海洋学家。主要从事海洋碳化学及生源要素的生物地球化学研究,发表论文和图书章节60余篇,其中SCI收录的期刊论文50多篇,H指数27。主持完成国家自然科学基金青年基金和面上项目共4项,以及国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)课题、原国家海洋局海-气CO2通量评价方法项目和海洋公益性行业专项子任务各1项。现主持山东省自然科学基金面上项目1项,参加国家重点研发专项课题和国家自然科学基金重大研究计划重点支持项目各1项。在边缘海碳源碳汇计量、调控机制分析,以及高CO2环境的生态效应(海洋酸化)评估方面取得了系统性研究成果:发展了碳氧耦合分析方法以揭示珠江口高CO2维持机制(Zhai et al., 2005a);提出依据生物地球化学分区定量估算南海CO2通量的研究思路(Zhai et al., 2013),明确南海主体海域为大气CO2的弱源区(Zhai et al., 2005b; 2013; 翟惟东, 2015);参与提出黑潮中层水侵入南海之后上涌维持碳源作用的过程机制(Dai et al., 2013, GRL);深入研究了长江口无机碳输出通量及其河口生物地球化学过程(Zhai et al., 2007; 2014a; 2017; Xiong et al., 2019),发现并阐明长江口外海域在秋季由于水柱分层被破坏,导致底层水中积累的无机碳上涌,从而向大气释放CO2成为碳源的现象(Zhai and Dai, 2009);发现渤海正在出现局部缺氧现象(Zhai et al., 2012; 2019),被纳入世界自然保护联盟(IUCN)的《海洋脱氧》报告(2019年),而黄海因高强度生物代谢活动则出现季节性酸化的现象(Zhai et al., 2014b; 2015; Zhai, 2018),建立酸化指标与钙化过程生态效应之间的关系(Li and Zhai, 2019)。获得2009年度高等学校科学研究优秀成果奖自然科学奖一等奖(第2完成人)和2019年度浙江省科学技术进步一等奖(第5完成人)各一项。

Prof. Zhai works on marine carbon cycling study since 2000. His research areas include air-sea exchange fluxes of carbon dioxide and other green-house gases, biogeochemical coupling between carbon dioxide and dissolved oxygen, and nutrient dynamics in aquatic environments. Most recently, his research focuses on the responses of coastal ocean carbon cycle and ecosystem to a changing terrestrial export of carbon and nutrients as well as hypoxia and coastal acidification in China seas and Chinese estuaries.

Selected publications:

19. Xiong, T.-Q., Wei, Q.-S., *Zhai, W.-D., Li, C.-L., Wang, S.-Y., Zhang, Y.-X., Liu, S.-J., Yu, S.-Q., 2020. Comparing subsurface seasonal deoxygenation and acidification in the Yellow Sea and northern East China Sea along the north-to-south latitude gradientFrontiers in Marine Science7: 686. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmars.2020.00686/abstract

18. *Zhai, W.-D., Zheng, L.-W., Li, C.-L., Xiong, T.-Q., Wang, S.-Y., 2020. Changing nutrients, dissolved oxygen and carbonate system in the Bohai and Yellow Seas, ChinaIn: Chen, C.-T. A., Guo, X. (eds), Changing Asia-Pacific Marginal Seas. Atmosphere, Earth, Ocean & Space. Springer, Singapore. 121–137. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-4886-4_8

17. Xiong, T.-Q., Liu, P.-F., *Zhai, W.-D., Bai, Y., Liu, D., Qi, D., Zheng, N., Liu, J.-W., Guo, X.-H., Cheng, T.-Y., Zhang, H.-X., Wang, S.-Y., He, X.-Q., Chen, J.-F., Li, R., 2019. Export flux, biogeochemical effects, and the fate of a terrestrial carbonate system: From Changjiang (Yangtze River) Estuary to the East China SeaEarth and Space Science, 6(11): 2115–2141. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019EA000679

16. *Zhai, W.-D., Zhao, H.-D., Su, J.-L., Liu, P.-F., Li, Y.-W., Zheng, N., 2019. Emergence of summertime hypoxia and concurrent carbonate mineral suppression in the central Bohai Sea, ChinaJournal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 124(9): 2768–2785. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JG005120

15. Zhai, W.-D., 2018. Exploring seasonal acidification in the Yellow Sea. Science China Earth Sciences, 61(6): 647–658. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11430-017-9151-4

14. *Zhai, W.-D., Yan, X.-L., Qi, D., 2017. Biogeochemical generation of dissolved inorganic carbon and nitrogen in the North Branch of inner Changjiang Estuary in a dry season. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 197: 136–149. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2017.08.027 

13. *Zhai, W.-D., Zhao, H.-D., 2016. Quantifying air-sea re-equilibration-implied ocean surface CO2 accumulation against recent atmospheric CO2 rise. Journal of Oceanography, 72(4): 651–659. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10872-016-0350-8 

12. *Zhai, W.-D., Zang, K.-P., Huo, C., Zheng, N., Xu, X.-M., 2015. Occurrence of aragonite corrosive water in the North Yellow Sea, near the Yalu River estuary, during a summer flood. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 166: 199–208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2015.02.010   

11. 翟惟东, 2015. 南海北部春季非水华期的CO2分压及其调控. 海洋学报, 37(6): 31–40. http://www.hyxb.org.cn/aos/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=20150608&flag=1  

10. *Zhai, W.-D., Chen, J.-F., Jin, H.-Y., Li, H.-L., Liu, J.-W., He, X.-Q., Bai, Y., 2014a. Spring carbonate chemistry dynamics of surface waters in the northern East China Sea: Water mixing, biological uptake of CO2, and chemical buffering capacity. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(9): 5638–5653.  https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC009856

9. *Zhai, W.-D., Zheng, N., Huo, C., Xu, Y., Zhao, H.-D., Li, Y.-W., Zang, K.-P., Wang, J.-Y., Xu, X.-M., 2014b. Subsurface pH and carbonate saturation state of aragonite on the Chinese side of the North Yellow Sea: seasonal variations and controls. Biogeosciences, 11: 1103–1123.  https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-11-1103-2014

8. Zhai, W.-D., *Dai, M.-H., Chen, B.-S., Guo, X.-H., Shang, S.-L., Zhang, C.-Y., Cai, W.-J., Wang, D.-X., 2013. Seasonal variations of sea–air CO2 fluxes in the largest tropical marginal sea (South China Sea) based on multiple-year underway measurements. Biogeosciences, 10: 7775–7791. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-10-7775-2013

7. *Zhai, W.-D., Zhao, H.-D., Zheng, N., Xu, Y., 2012. Coastal acidification in summer bottom oxygen-depleted waters in northwestern-northern Bohai Sea from June to August in 2011. Chinese Science Bulletin, 57(9): 1062–1068. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-011-4949-2

6. Zhai, W.-D., *Dai, M.-H., 2009. On the seasonal variation of air-sea CO2 fluxes in the outer Changjiang (Yangtze River) Estuary, East China Sea. Marine Chemistry, 117: 2–10.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2009.02.008

5. Zhai, W.-D., *Dai, M.-H., Cai, W.-J., 2009. Coupling of surface pCO2 and dissolved oxygen in the northern South China Sea: impacts of contrasting coastal processes. Biogeosciences, 6: 2589–2598.  https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-6-2589-2009

4. Zhai, W.-D., *Dai, M.-H., Guo, X.-H., 2007. Carbonate system and CO2 degassing fluxes in the inner estuary of Changjiang (Yangtze) River, China. Marine Chemistry, 107: 342–356.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2007.02.011

3. Zhai, W.-D., *Dai, M.-H., Cai, W.-J., Wang, Y.-C., Hong, H.-S., 2005b. The partial pressure of carbon dioxide and air-sea fluxes in the northern South China Sea in spring, summer and autumn. Marine Chemistry, 96: 87–97.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2004.12.002

2. Zhai, W.-D., *Dai, M.-H., Cai, W.-J., Wang, Y.-C., Wang, Z.-H., 2005a. High partial pressure of CO2 and its maintaining mechanism in a subtropical estuary: the Pearl River estuary, ChinaMarine Chemistry93: 21–32.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2004.07.003

1. 翟惟东, 马乃喜, 2000. 自然保护区功能区划的指导思想和基本原则中国环境科学, 20(4): 337–340. https://doi.org/10.3321/j.issn:1000-6923.2000.04.012


指导毕业的学生:

颜秀, 九龙江河口营养盐的分布、年代际变化和通量研究, 硕士学位论文, 厦门大学, 2011;

   颜秀利, 翟惟东*, 洪华生, 李炎, 郭卫东, 黄晓, 2012. 九龙江口营养盐的分布、通量及其年代际变化. 科学通报, 57(17): 1575-1587. 英文版见https://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-012-5084-4

黄   晓, 长江口营养盐动力学与输出通量研究——南支与北支比较,  硕士学位论文,  厦门大学, 2012;

   黄晓, 2013. 靛酚蓝法测定海水、河口水中铵氮的“盐效应”及其消除. 海峡科学, (7): 3-6.

祁   第, 长江口及中国近海的溶解钙,  硕士学位论文, 厦门大学, 2013; 

   祁第, 翟惟东*, 陈能汪, 吴杰忠, 2014. 九龙江的碳酸盐体系、CO2分压及其调控. 地球与环境, 42(3): 286-296.

刘鹏飞, 长江无机碳入海通量及其对河口pH和碳酸钙饱和度的影响, 硕士学位论文, 上海海洋大学, 2016;

   刘鹏飞, 翟惟东*, 2016. 河口无机碳水样保存方法及CO2分压优化计算——以长江口为例. 环境化学, 35(10): 2096–2105. 

李成龙, 北黄海南部近岸与中部远岸海域季节性酸化现象的对比研究, 硕士学位论文, 山东大学, 2019;

     Li, C.-L., *Zhai, W.-D., 2019. Decomposing monthly declines in subsurface-water pH and aragonite saturation state from spring to autumn in the North Yellow Sea. Continental Shelf Research, 185: 37–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2018.11.003

郎静, 黄渤海POC和PIC的季节变化及生态效应讨论, 硕士学位论文, 山东大学, 2020;

 

王松茵, 黄海海-气CO2通量及溶解无机碳存量变化研究, 硕士学位论文, 山东大学, 2020;

     

张海霞, 2017年长江口及邻近海域的营养盐——分布、调控及富营养化生态效应趋势评估, 硕士学位论文, 山东大学, 2020;

     

韩亚静, 山东半岛沿岸典型海域及黄海硅酸盐时空变化及其影响机制, 硕士学位论文, 山东大学, 2020;

    

林红梅, 西北太平洋表层浮游微生物群落的宏基因组学研究, 硕士学位论文, 山东大学, 2020;

     

刘朔江, 溶解无机碳稳定同位素分析样品的前处理方法及其在黄渤海的应用, 硕士学位论文, 山东大学, 2020。

    刘朔江, *杨庶, 刘梦梦, 张 永, 翟惟东, 2020. 溶解无机碳稳定同位素分析样品的前处理方法及黄渤海夏季数据初步分析. 环境化学, 已接受待刊. 


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